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Current Affairs 2023

Blackbuck: Indian Antelope's Habitat, Behavior and Conservation - UPSC Current Affairs

The Blackbuck, also known as the Indian Antelope, is a beautiful and graceful species of antelope found in India and Nepal. Known for their distinctive spiral horns and fast speed, Blackbucks are primarily found in grasslands, savannas, and thorn forests. They are herbivores and play an important role in maintaining the biodiversity of their habitat. Visitors to India can spot Blackbucks at various national parks and wildlife sanctuaries such as Velavadar National Park, Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary, Desert National Park, Balpakram National Park, and more.

Jan 11, 2023

4 min read

The Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra), also known as the Indian Antelope, is a species of antelope found in India and Nepal. These elegant animals are known for their distinctive spiral horns and their speed, which can reach up to 50 miles per hour. They are herbivores and feed mainly on grasses, leaves, and fruits.




Blackbuck are found primarily in the grasslands, savannas, and thorn forests of India, with a small population in Nepal. Their historical range included Pakistan, Bangladesh, and parts of Iran, but today they are mainly found in protected areas and private lands in India. In the past, Blackbuck populations were decimated by hunting and habitat destruction, but conservation efforts have helped to stabilize their numbers in recent years.


The Blackbuck is an important species for several reasons. Firstly, their grazing helps to maintain the biodiversity of the grasslands and savannas where they live. Secondly, the Blackbuck is considered a sacred animal in Hinduism, and is protected by laws in India.


Blackbuck are diurnal and are mainly active in the early morning and late afternoon. They form harems, with one dominant male leading a group of several females. Male Blackbuck use their horns for competition with other males for access to females. During the breeding season, males can often be seen engaging in spectacular fights to establish dominance.


The Blackbuck is listed as "Least Concern" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), but their population is still on the decline due to habitat destruction and hunting, it is important to continue the conservation effort and raise awareness of the importance of protecting this species and its habitat.


Effort like protected area, afforestation and conservation education, can help to conserve this beautiful animal and the habitat that it depends on for survival.


As a responsible traveler, it is important to be aware of the laws and regulations regarding the protection of Blackbuck and other wildlife when visiting their habitat. Observe them from distance and avoid disturbing them in any way.



Blackbucks in India


Blackbucks can be found in a number of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in India. Some of the notable ones include:


1. Velavadar National Park in Gujarat: This park is considered one of the best places to see Blackbuck in India, and it is also home to a number of other wildlife species such as the Indian Wolf, Desert Cat, and the Indian Fox.


2. Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh: This sanctuary is home to a large population of Blackbuck, and it's considered as one of the best place to watch Blackbuck in India.


3. Desert National Park in Rajasthan: This park is located in the Thar Desert and is known for its unique desert ecosystem. Along with Blackbuck, you can also see a variety of other desert animals such as the Great Indian Bustard and the Indian Fox.


4. Balpakram National Park in Meghalaya: This park is located in the northeastern state of Meghalaya, and it's home to a small population of Blackbuck, which is considered as the northernmost distribution of the Blackbuck.


5. Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh: The sanctuary is one of the proposed translocation sites for Asiatic Lion and home to a healthy population of Blackbuck.


6. Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary in Gujarat: Although the sanctuary is primarily known for birdwatching, it's also home to a variety of other wildlife species, including Blackbuck.


These are just a few examples of the many places where you can find Blackbuck in India. Other notable parks and sanctuaries where you can spot Blackbuck are Lala-Parjan Sanctuary in Gujarat, Kudlekhal Sanctuary in Gujarat, etc.

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