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UPSC Mains 2021

Bring out the constructive programmes of Mahatma Gandhi during Non-Cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement.

General Studies Paper - 1, Topic: Gandhian Constructive Programmes

Jan 12, 2023

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Mahatma Gandhi's constructive programmes during the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Civil Disobedience Movement were an integral part of his political strategy. These programmes aimed to improve the lives of the Indian people and to create a self-reliant and self-sufficient society.

 

One of the key constructive programmes during the Non-Cooperation Movement was the promotion of swadeshi, or the use of locally made goods. Gandhi encouraged Indians to boycott foreign-made goods and to instead use products made in India. This was intended to support the Indian economy and to reduce the dependence on foreign goods. He also encouraged the use of khadi or hand-spun cloth, as a way of promoting self-reliance and creating employment opportunities in the rural areas.

 

Another important constructive programme during the Non-Cooperation Movement was the promotion of education. Gandhi believed that education was essential for the development of a nation and for the empowerment of its people. He established the Gujarat Vidyapith, a national university in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, which aimed to provide education based on Indian culture and values.

 

In addition, during the Civil Disobedience Movement, Gandhi launched several constructive programmes to uplift the lives of the people. He encouraged the cultivation of kitchen gardens, spinning, and weaving, to create self-reliance and employment for the people. He also established the Gandhi Seva Sangh, a voluntary organization to provide education, medical aid, and other forms of assistance to the people.

 

For example, Gandhi's Harijan Seva Sangh, which was established to uplift the lives of the Dalits or untouchables, provided education, sanitation, and medical aid to the Dalit communities. Additionally, he also established the All India Village Industries Association, to promote cottage industries and to provide employment opportunities to the rural people.

 

In conclusion, Mahatma Gandhi's constructive programmes during the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Civil Disobedience Movement were an important part of his political strategy. They aimed to improve the lives of the Indian people, create a self-reliant and self-sufficient society, and to empower the people through education and employment opportunities. These programmes were successful in creating a sense of national identity and pride among the people and played an important role in the Independence of India.

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