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UPSC Mains 2022

Clean energy is the order of the day. Describe briefly India’s changing policy towards climate change in various international fora in the context of geopolitics.

General Studies Paper - 2, Topic - Green Energy

Dec 29, 2022

2 min read

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India has been actively engaged in international efforts to address climate change and has made significant progress in recent years in developing and implementing clean energy policies.

 

One key aspect of India's changing policy towards climate change has been its increasing focus on renewable energy sources. India has set ambitious targets for increasing the share of renewable energy in its total energy mix, and has made significant progress in developing and expanding its renewable energy infrastructure. For example, the country has set a target of achieving 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022, and has made significant progress towards this goal, with around 113 GW of renewable energy capacity installed as of 2021.

 

In addition to promoting the use of renewable energy within its own borders, India has also been active in international efforts to address climate change through various fora, including the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the International Solar Alliance (ISA). India has played a key role in negotiations under the UNFCCC, and has taken a leadership role in the ISA, which is an international organization dedicated to promoting the use of solar energy as a means of addressing climate change.

 

Overall, India's changing policy towards climate change reflects the country's recognition of the need to take action to address this global challenge, as well as its commitment to playing a leadership role in international efforts to address it.

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