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Current Affairs 2023

Deepor Beel - UPSC Current Affairs

Deepor Beel is a wetland located in the state of Assam, India, that has been designated as a Ramsar site due to its importance for the conservation of global biological diversity and the sustainable use of natural resources. The lake, which covers an area of approximately 4,014 hectares, is home to a diverse array of flora and fauna and is an important source of water and livelihood for the surrounding communities. However, Deepor Beel faces threats such as pollution, habitat destruction, and overuse, and there are efforts underway to protect and conserve the wetland for future generations.

Jan 09, 2023

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Deepor Beel is a wetland located in the state of Assam, in northeastern India. It is a designated Ramsar site, meaning it has been recognized as an important area for the conservation of global biological diversity and the sustainable use of natural resources. In this article, we will explore the features and significance of Deepor Beel, as well as the threats it faces and the efforts to protect it.

 

Deepor Beel is a permanent freshwater lake, covering an area of approximately 4,014 hectares. It is located near the city of Guwahati, and it is an important source of water for the surrounding areas. The lake is home to a diverse array of flora and fauna, including many species of fish, amphibians, and a variety of birds, mammals, and reptiles.

 

One of the unique features of Deepor Beel is its location in the midst of a heavily populated and industrialized area. The wetland serves as a buffer between the city and the rural areas, providing important ecosystem services such as water purification and flood control. It is also an important source of livelihood for the local communities, who rely on the lake for fishing, agriculture, and other activities.

 

Unfortunately, Deepor Beel faces a number of threats, including pollution, habitat destruction, and overuse. The lake is vulnerable to contamination from industrial and agricultural runoff, as well as from untreated sewage. Habitat destruction is also a concern, as the wetland is being encroached upon by urban development and illegal logging.

 

Despite these challenges, there are efforts underway to protect and conserve Deepor Beel. The state government has established a management plan to address the threats facing the wetland, and local organizations are working to educate the community about the importance of the lake and the need to protect it. There are also ongoing efforts to restore and rehabilitate the wetland, including the planting of vegetation and the creation of artificial islands to provide habitat for wildlife.

 

In conclusion, Deepor Beel is a vital and unique wetland located in the heart of a heavily populated and industrialized area. It provides important ecosystem services and is an important source of livelihood for the local communities. Despite the challenges it faces, there are efforts underway to protect and conserve Deepor Beel for future generations.

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