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UPSC Mains 2022

Discuss the role of the National Commission for Backward Classes in the wake of its transformation from a statutory body to a constitutional body.

General Studies Paper - 2, Topic - Constitutional Bodies

Dec 29, 2022

2 min read

The National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) is a constitutional body in India that was established under the provisions of the Constitution (102nd Amendment) Act, 2018. Prior to its transformation into a constitutional body, the NCBC was a statutory body that was established in 1993 under the National Commission for Backward Classes Act, 1993.


The main role of the NCBC is to safeguard the interests of the socially and educationally backward classes (SEBCs) in India and to ensure that they receive the benefits and protections provided to them under the Constitution and other laws. The NCBC is also responsible for identifying the SEBCs and determining the criteria for their inclusion in the list of backward classes.


As a constitutional body, the NCBC has greater powers and autonomy compared to its previous status as a statutory body. It now has the same status as other constitutional bodies, such as the National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) and the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST), and is directly accountable to the Parliament.


The transformation of the NCBC into a constitutional body has given it greater powers and autonomy to discharge its duties and responsibilities effectively. It has also increased the transparency and accountability of the NCBC in its functioning and has provided a stronger legal framework for the protection of the rights and interests of the SEBCs in India.

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