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Current Affairs 2023
Dhara Mustard Hybrid or DMH-11, is a genetically modified crop that has been developed by scientists from the Centre for Genetic Manipulation of Crop Plants (CGMCP) at Delhi University. It is a herbicide-tolerant variety of mustard that carries a gene for resistance to herbicides and has been developed using barnase-barstar GM technology. It contains three genes (Bargene, Barnase, and Barstar) derived from the soil bacterium Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. The crop has the potential to be a high-yielding variety of mustard, which could help India achieve self-sufficiency in oil production and reduce its dependence on imports.
Nov 16, 2022
6 min read
1. DMH-1 is a variant developed without transgenic technology.
2. DMH-1 was approved for commercial release in N-W India in 2005-06
1. DMH-11 is a variant developed with the help of transgenic technology because it uses foreign genes from a different species.
2. DMH-11 is not only has better yield but is also fertile. As per ICAR trials, DMH-11 has 28% higher yields than its parent Varuna and was 37% better than best local varieties.
3. Currently, the only transgenic crop grown in India is Bt-cotton.
4. GEAC approval allows DMH-11 to be grown in fields under ICAR supervision.
As per nature.com, 'a transgenic, or genetically modified, organism is one that has been altered through recombinant DNA technology, which involves either the combining of DNA from different genomes or the insertion of foreign DNA into a genome.'
1. Mustard is a self-pollinating plant.
2. Plant-breeders face difficulties to cross different mustard varieties and induce desirable traits.
3. Natural crossing is not possible.
1. First, turn off the self-pollinating trait and enable crossings. Crossing was done after introducing genes from two soil bacterium called barnase and barstar.
2. Second, restore the trait, and enable seed production.
To meet India’s rising edible-oil import bill.
1. India imports almost 55-60% of its domestic edible-oil requirement (2020-21).
2. Around 13.3 million tonnes of edible oil were imported at a cost of ₹1,17,000 crore.
1. Low productivity - 1-1.3 tonnes/hectare - productivity stagnant for over 20 years.
2. Hybrid mustard and rapeseed are the dominant form of oil seeds in Canada, China and Europe.
3. Only way to improve India’s productivity is to have more mustard hybrids.
1. DMH-11 is a hybrid variety of which of the following crops?
2. GEAC is India's apex regulator of genetically modified plants and food products under the
A. Ministry of Science and Technology
B. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
C. Ministry of Agriculture
D. Department of Biotechnology
3. Consider the following statements
1. DMH-1 is a mustard variant developed with the help of transgenic technology.
2. DMH-11 is a mustard variant developed without transgenic technology.
Select the correct statement/s
A. Neither 1 nor 2
B. Both 1 and 2
C. 1 only
D. 2 only
4. Varuna and Early Heera-2 are two varieties of
1. Can hybrid variety of mustard reduce India’s rising edible-oil import bill. Discuss.
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