iasindepth

empowering millions

Premium Civil Service course at just ₹99/-. Know more.

Envrionment

India is planning a $2 billion incentive programme for the green hydrogen industry in a bid to cut emissions and become a major export player.

Green hydrogen is a type of hydrogen that is produced through the electrolysis of water using renewable energy sources, such as solar or wind power. The use of green hydrogen can help to reduce emissions in a number of ways. India's $2 billion incentive programme for the green hydrogen industry is aimed at promoting the development and deployment of green hydrogen technologies in the country, with the goal of reducing emissions and becoming a major export player in the global hydrogen market.

Dec 29, 2022

4 min read

Recorded lectures

Class tests

Class notes

Buy now

What is Green Hydrogen?

 

Green hydrogen is a type of hydrogen that is produced through the electrolysis of water using renewable energy sources, such as solar or wind power. Unlike traditional hydrogen, which is produced from fossil fuels and generates carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, green hydrogen does not produce any greenhouse gas emissions during its production process.

 

Green hydrogen has the potential to play a key role in the transition to a low-carbon economy, as it can be used as a clean and renewable energy source for a variety of applications, including transportation, heating, and electricity generation. It can also be used to store excess renewable energy, allowing it to be used when it is needed.

 

The use of green hydrogen can help to reduce emissions in a number of ways. First, it can replace fossil fuels in various sectors, such as transportation, which are currently responsible for a significant portion of global CO2 emissions. Second, it can be used to decarbonize industrial processes, such as the production of steel and cement, which are currently responsible for a large share of global emissions.

 

India's transition into Green Hydrogen

 

India has recently announced a $2 billion incentive programme for the green hydrogen industry, in a bid to reduce emissions and become a major player in the global hydrogen market. Green hydrogen, also known as renewable hydrogen, is a type of hydrogen that is produced through the electrolysis of water using renewable energy sources, such as solar or wind power. Unlike traditional hydrogen, which is produced from fossil fuels and generates carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, green hydrogen does not produce any greenhouse gas emissions during its production process.

 

India's $2 billion incentive programme is aimed at promoting the development and deployment of green hydrogen technologies in the country, with the goal of reducing emissions and becoming a major export player in the global hydrogen market. The programme is expected to support the development of green hydrogen projects, as well as research and development activities related to hydrogen technologies.

 

This move by India is a significant step towards the development of a low-carbon economy and the transition away from fossil fuels. The adoption of green hydrogen technologies has the potential to significantly reduce CO2 emissions, particularly in sectors such as transportation and industrial processes, which are currently responsible for a large share of global emissions.

 

Overall, India's $2 billion incentive programme for the green hydrogen industry is a positive development that has the potential to significantly contribute to the global effort to reduce emissions and combat climate change. It is hoped that other countries will follow India's lead and invest in the development of green hydrogen technologies, in order to accelerate the transition to a low-carbon economy.

 

National Hydrogen Mission

 

The National Hydrogen Mission is a program announced by the Prime Minister in 2021 with the aim of promoting the development and deployment of hydrogen technologies in the country. The mission is focused on the production and use of hydrogen as a clean and renewable energy source, with the goal of reducing India's reliance on fossil fuels and promoting the transition to a low-carbon economy.

 

The National Hydrogen Mission document was prepared by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. The NHM seeks the  collaboration of other government agencies and industry stakeholders. The mission has several key objectives, including:

 

1. Developing the infrastructure and supply chain for the production, storage, and distribution of hydrogen

 

2. Promoting research and development in hydrogen technologies

 

3. Facilitating the deployment of hydrogen technologies in various sectors, such as transportation, power generation, and industrial processes

 

4. Supporting the development of international cooperation and partnerships in the field of hydrogen

 

The National Hydrogen Mission is expected to play a key role in the development of a hydrogen-based economy in India, by supporting the growth of the hydrogen industry and promoting the adoption of hydrogen technologies. It is hoped that the mission will help to reduce India's greenhouse gas emissions and contribute to the global effort to combat climate change.

Free daily current affairs quiz.

Take this test daily to improve your prelims accuracy.

More on iasindepth