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Current Affairs 2023

Lok Sabha Passes Competition Amendment Bill

The Lok Sabha passed an amendment to the Competition Act and introduced the Forest Conservation (Amendment) Bill.

Mar 29, 2023

3 min read

The Lok Sabha on March 29 passed an amendment to the Competition Act and introduced the Forest Conservation (Amendment) Bill and then referred it to a joint select committee. 


This Bill, that provides for the Competition Commission of India to impose penalties on entities based on their global turnover instead of considering only relevant market turnover that is followed right now, was passed without a debate.


The Forest (Conservation) Amendment Bill, 2023, seeks to exempt certain categories of lands categories of lands to “fast-track strategic and security-related projects of national importance”.


The passing of the Competition Amendment Bill and the introduction of the Forest Conservation Amendment Bill will bring about much needed changes in the laws and regulations governing competition and environment. It is said that the amendments will help to promote competition, while also protecting the environment. 


Competition Commission of India


The Competition Commission of India (CCI) is a statutory body established under the Competition Act, 2002. Its primary objective is to promote and sustain competition in the market, protect the interests of consumers, and ensure freedom of trade in India.


The CCI is responsible for preventing anti-competitive practices such as cartelization, abuse of dominant position, and other unfair trade practices. It is also responsible for reviewing and regulating mergers and acquisitions to ensure that they do not have an adverse effect on competition in the market.


The CCI has the power to investigate and penalize companies that engage in anti-competitive behavior. It can impose fines, issue cease and desist orders, and even order the divestment of assets to restore competition in the market.


In addition to its regulatory functions, the CCI also undertakes advocacy and awareness programs to promote competition and consumer welfare in India. It works towards creating a level playing field for all market participants and fostering a competitive and innovative business environment in the country.


Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980


The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 is a legislation enacted by the Indian Parliament to regulate the diversion of forest lands for non-forestry purposes. The act provides for the conservation of forests and ensures that any diversion of forest lands for non-forestry purposes is carried out in an environmentally sound and sustainable manner.


Under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, the diversion of forest lands for non-forestry purposes such as mining, industrial projects, or agricultural activities requires prior permission from the central government. The act lays down strict guidelines for the diversion of forest lands, and any violation of these guidelines can lead to penalties and fines.


The primary objective of the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 is to preserve the ecological balance and protect the environment while allowing for development activities that are essential for the country's economic growth. The act recognizes the critical role that forests play in regulating the climate, maintaining biodiversity, and providing livelihoods to local communities.


The act has been amended several times since its enactment to address emerging environmental issues and strengthen forest conservation measures. The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, is a crucial legislation in India's environmental regulatory framework and has played a significant role in protecting and conserving the country's forests.

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