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UPSC Mains 2021

To what extent did the role of the moderates prepare a base for the wider freedom movement? Comment.

General Studies Paper - 1, Topic: Moderate Nationalism

Jan 12, 2023

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The role of the moderates in the Indian freedom movement was significant in preparing a base for the wider freedom struggle. The moderates, who were primarily composed of educated and middle-class Indians, sought to achieve independence through constitutional and peaceful means. They believed in working within the framework of British colonial rule to achieve their goals.

 

One of the key contributions of the moderates was their efforts to educate and mobilize the Indian masses. Through the establishment of schools, colleges and newspapers, the moderates were able to spread awareness about the issues facing India and the need for political change. They also helped to build a sense of national identity and pride among Indians, which laid the foundation for the later mass movements.

 

For example, the Indian National Congress, which was founded by the moderate leaders Allan Octavian Hume, Dada Bhai Naoroji and W.C. Banerjee in 1885, played a crucial role in organizing and leading the freedom movement. They used the platform of the Congress to raise issues such as poverty, education, and the need for political representation. Additionally, they also used it to bring together leaders from different regions and communities to form a united front against British colonial rule.

 

Additionally, the moderates also played a key role in building bridges with the British government and other political leaders. They sought to engage in dialogue and negotiations with the British in order to achieve their goals. This approach helped to create an environment of cooperation and understanding, which was important for the later success of the freedom struggle.

 

In conclusion, the role of the moderates in the Indian freedom movement was crucial in preparing a base for the wider freedom struggle. They helped to educate and mobilize the masses, build a sense of national identity and pride and also to build bridges with the British government. Their efforts laid the foundation for the later mass movements and paved the way for India's eventual independence.

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