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UPSC Mains 2022

What are the different elements of cyber security? Keeping in view the challenges in cyber security, examine the extent to which India has successfully developed a comprehensive National Cyber Security Strategy.

General Studies Paper - 3, Topic: Cybersecurity

Jan 03, 2023

2 min read

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Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting computer systems, networks, and devices from digital attacks, theft, and damage. It involves a range of elements, including:

 

1. Network security: Protecting the infrastructure of a network, including routers, switches, and firewalls, from unauthorized access or attacks.

 

2. Application security: Protecting the applications that run on a network or device from vulnerabilities or attacks.

 

3. Data security: Protecting the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data stored on a network or device.

 

4. Endpoint security: Protecting individual devices, such as computers or smartphones, from attacks or breaches.

 

5. User education: Ensuring that users are aware of best practices for security and are able to recognize and prevent potential threats.

 

In recent years, India has faced a range of challenges in cybersecurity, including the rapid growth of the internet and the increasing sophistication of cyber attacks. In response, the Indian government has developed a comprehensive National Cyber Security Strategy to address these challenges. The strategy includes measures such as:

 

1. The establishment of a National Cyber Coordination Centre to monitor and respond to cyber threats.

 

2. The creation of a Cyber Emergency Response Team to coordinate the response to cyber incidents.

 

3. The development of a National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre to protect critical infrastructure from cyber attacks.

 

4. The implementation of cyber security awareness and training programs for government agencies and the general public.

 

Overall, India has made significant progress in developing a comprehensive National Cyber Security Strategy, but there is still room for improvement. The country continues to face challenges such as the lack of skilled personnel and the need for stronger regulatory frameworks, but it is making progress in addressing these challenges and improving its cyber security posture.

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