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UPSC Prelims 2023

With reference to ancient South India, Korkai, Poompuhar and Muchiri were well known as

Prelims General Studies Paper - 1

Jun 08, 2023

2 min read



With reference to ancient South India, Korkai, Poompuhar and Muchiri were well known as


A. capital cities

B. ports

C. centres of iron-and-steel making

D. shrines of Jain Tirthankaras






The correct answer is B. Ports


Korkai, Poompuhar, and Muchiri were well-known ports in ancient South India. These cities played a significant role in maritime trade and commerce during that time. Being situated along the coast, they served as important hubs for maritime activities, including the export and import of goods, contact with foreign traders, and the facilitation of cultural exchange.


Korkai, located in present-day Tamil Nadu, was a major port in the ancient Pandyan kingdom. It served as a gateway for trade with various regions, including the Roman Empire. The city's strategic location made it a bustling center for maritime activities, contributing to the economic prosperity of the region.


Poompuhar, also known as Kaveripattinam, was another prominent port city in ancient Tamil Nadu. It was situated at the mouth of the River Kaveri, making it an important trade link between the interior regions and the sea. Poompuhar had extensive trade connections with Southeast Asia, the Mediterranean, and other regions. The city flourished as a vibrant trading center, attracting merchants from different parts of the world.


Muchiri, also referred to as Muziris, was a renowned port city located in present-day Kerala. It was a significant center for trade between India and the Roman Empire, as well as other regions in the Indian Ocean. Muchiri was known for its thriving spice trade, especially with the Romans, who valued Indian spices highly.


These ports played a crucial role in facilitating trade, promoting cultural exchange, and contributing to the economic growth and prosperity of the ancient South Indian kingdoms. They served as vital gateways connecting South India with the broader Indian Ocean trade network, making them important hubs of maritime activity during that era.

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